What is Addiction?
Addiction is a situation in which a person grows accustomed to ingesting a drug such as alcohol or engaging in a behaviour (e.g., sex, gambling) that they may find delightful at first. Still, over time, their dependence on the substance/activity becomes compulsive and interferes with everyday duties such as employment, health, and personal life. People who acquire an addiction often are unaware that their conduct has spiralled out of control and is causing difficulties for themselves and others
Addiction can take various forms, including physical and psychological ones. It can develop as a result of behaviours including consuming alcohol, using opiates, gambling, having sex, eating, and browsing the Internet. Addictions often begin when people find specific actions emotionally or physically gratifying, but they develop a strong need to repeat these actions in order to reproduce the ‘high.’ As a result, this turns into a vicious cycle that is difficult to escape.
Symptoms of Addiction
Addiction symptoms differ depending on the person, the drug or activity they are hooked on, and their unique circumstances. These signs and symptoms might include:
How Is Addiction Identified?
Family members or friends may express worry about the patient’s addictive behaviour in a few circumstances. When it comes to activities like gambling, sex, or smoking, the patient is often aware of the addiction problem. The psychiatrist or professional addiction counsellor will ask various questions to determine the signs of addiction, including the frequency of drug use, personal routines, and other areas of his life.
Criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) – A patient diagnosed with drug abuse (addiction) must have at least three of the following criteria, according to the DSM: