Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
ADHD is a neurodevelopmental condition that is most commonly diagnosed in children. Although ADHD can start in infancy, it can also last throughout adolescence and age, making it more than just a juvenile condition. It's a condition that makes it difficult for a person to focus and control impulsive activities. ADHD patients are restless and active practically all of the time.
Many children have brief periods of restlessness or inattention, which is entirely normal. Children with ADHD, on the other hand, stay energetic, have difficulties paying attention, and can't control their impulses for lengthy periods. These actions begin to disrupt school and family life. Boys are more likely than females to suffer from ADHD. It's commonly detected in a child's early school years when they begin to exhibit focus issues. The majority of cases are discovered when youngsters are between 6 and 12. Even though hyperactivity usually fades as a kid grows older, if left untreated, issues with inattention and poor impulse control can persist into adulthood.
Types of ADHD
ADHD is divided into three main types:
- Inattentive type
- Hyperactive-impulsive type
- Combination type
One or more traits are associated with each form of ADHD. Inattention and hyperactive-impulsive conduct are hallmarks of ADHD.These behaviors often present in the following ways:
- Inattention: getting distracted, having poor concentration and organizational skills
- Hyperactivity: never seems to slow down, talking and fidgeting, difficulties staying on task
- Impulsivity: interrupting, taking risks
Because everyone is different, it's typical for two people to have the same symptoms yet interpret them differently. Boys and females, for example, have pretty diverse behaviour. Boys may appear more energetic, while girls may be somewhat inattentive.
Which form of ADHD you have will be determined by your symptoms.
Type of inattentiveness
If you have this form of ADHD, you can have more inattention symptoms than impulsivity or hyperactivity. At times, you can battle with impulse control or hyperactivity. However, they aren't the most prominent features of inattentive ADHD.
People that engage in inattentive conduct frequently:details and are easily sidetracked
- fast become bored
- having difficulty concentrating on a single task
- having trouble organizing their ideas and learning new things
- Pencils, papers, or other objects required to finish work are misplaced.
- don't appear to be paying attention
- they stroll and look to be daydreaming
- process information slower and with less precision than others
- having difficulty following instructions
More girls are diagnosed with inattentive type ADHD than boys.
Symptoms of impulsivity and hyperactivity describe this kind of ADHD. Inattention can be seen in people of this kind, although it isn't as noticeable as the other symptoms.People who are impulsive or hyperactive often:
- squirm, fidget or feel restless
- have difficulty sitting still
- talk constantly
- touch and play with objects, even when inappropriate to the task at hand
- have trouble engaging in quiet activities
- are constantly “on the go”
- are impatient
- act out of turn and don't think about the consequences of actions
- blurt out answers and inappropriate comments
The characteristics of impulsivity and hyperactivity define this kind of ADHD. This kind can show signs of inattention, although it isn't as noticeable as the other symptoms.
- If you have the combination type, your symptoms don't only fit into two categories: inattention or hyperactive-impulsive conduct. Instead, a mixture of symptoms from both groups is manifested.
- Inattentive or impulsive conduct affects most people, whether they have ADHD or not. However, it is more severe in persons who have ADHD. The behaviour becomes more frequent and disrupts your ability to function at home, at school, job, and in social situations.
Symptoms of ADHD
There are two types of behavioural patterns associated with ADHD symptoms: Symptoms of Inattention
- Being easily distracted and having a short attention span
- Making rash decisions
- Failure to follow instructions or complete duties
- Losing stuff or seeming forgetful.
- I dislike things that require me to sit motionlessly.
Hyperactivity and Impulsiveness Symptoms -
- Inability to remain sitting
- Talking too much
- Always on the go, such as running or climbing.
- Thinking without doing
- Breaking up discussions
These symptoms can create serious issues in a child's life, such as poor social contact with other kids. Some children, though not all, may show evidence of additional disorders or conditions in addition to ADHD, such as anxiety, sleep problems, or learning challenges.
- If you believe you or your kid may have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), you should get an official examination from a professional psychologist or psychiatrist.
- There is no one test for ADHD diagnosis. Instead, most reputable professionals depend on a variety of methods, such as talking to parents, physically seeing the kid, questionnaires, rating scales, and psychological testing.
- The doctor must determine how much a child's ailments influence his everyday moods, productivity, behaviour, and routines. Hearing and vision tests, as well as blood testing for lead levels, may be requested by the doctor to rule out other problems.
Treatment for ADHD:
ADHD can be handled mainly by either medication or therapy, however, a mix of the two is frequently the most successful. On the other hand, psychotherapy (counselling) at The Buddy can assist children with ADHD learn efficient techniques to manage their emotions while also enhancing their self-esteem. Stimulants are medications that can assist reduce hyperactive and impulsive behaviour while also increasing attention span. Non-stimulant drugs may be used if stimulant medications fail to function in children above the age of six.
The Process of Therapy
How therapy can benefit people with ADHD:
- The goal of counselling is to change one's behaviour: Behavior modification teaches people new ways to regulate their negative habits.
- Social skills training offers positive habits to help children become more adaptive in social situations.
- Treatment for ADHD can help alleviate symptoms and make it a more manageable difficulty in daily life.